Single Crystal Ni- Contains the Cathode States Prof Jeff Dahn

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The Single Crystal Ni

Creating new waves is often a result of individual actions. In the world of nickel-based batteries, Jeff Dahn is a name to remember. The Bridgeport-born pioneer of lithium-ion batteries has recorded huge successes in the development of batteries. The professor has authored hundreds of publications and is currently renowned for his work on energy density.

In addition to inventions that he is credited for, he also researches new ways to lower lithium-ion batteries’ cost while increasing their output and durability. Lithium-ion is a battery model found in smart mobile devices such as cellphones and laptops worldwide.

Single-Crystal Cathode

Lithium-ion batteries drive the electric vehicle world. Already, scientists are on the prowl for new ways to improve the duration of driving an electric vehicle. This is largely dependent on developments in single-crystal cathodes. This push is essential to popularising appeal for electric vehicles in the market. Simply, once these vehicles are shown to last on the road for much longer, they will be more attractive to consumers.

Professor Jeff Dahn pioneered the idea of long-lasting batteries in his paper published in the Journal of the Electrochemical Society. He stated that batteries of this nature could sustain a vehicle for as far as 1.6 million kilometres, translating to a million miles. It can also last for as long as twenty years with a high storage capacity for power.

Single-Crystal cathodes are magical for the simple nature of the design. In place of the polycrystalline method, which involves combining many crystals, the single crystal cathode comprises bigger single crystals which face the same direction. This is opposed to the former, which are orientated to face different places. We can realise the importance of this in the charging and discharging process of lithium-ion batteries. As the ions enter and depart from the battery, they cause the crystals to grow in size and reduce.

This activity stresses the crystals as constant expansion and contraction means that the multidirectional crystals will also be stretched and reduced in different directions they face. The consequence is that as time goes on, the polycrystalline design will face wear and tear, and sometime after, it will fail.

In the single crystal setup, this problem is not encountered. This is because, like the polycrystalline arrangement, all the atoms face just one direction, and the level of stress is significantly less. While this does not mean that single-crystals will not suffer their failures, it certainly affords the user more value from the battery.

Failure in this sense is a phenomenon that innovators refer to as microcracking. However, according to them, microcracking, which is caused by a breakdown in single crystals, can be resolved under certain conditions. 

Unlike the current kinds of batteries used in electric vehicles, this innovation is crucial to spurring growth in these vehicles’ demand. When users are convinced that they can travel for a long time in their vehicles before getting a new battery, the appeal will rise. 

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